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What is Enzyme and Microbe
Enzymes are energized protein molecules.

They are the human body’s life force and are involved in every function of the body. Vitamins, minerals and hormones must have enzymes to work properly. Life can not exist without enzymes. Individuals who are enzyme deficient are subject to physical problems disease and degeneration.

Enzymes are natural catalysts – they make things happen very quickly and efficiently. Enzymes are a renewable resource and are not consumed as they perform their role.
Enzymes are necessary for all stages of the digestive process. Age and high stress reduce our ability to manufacture these enzymes.

80% of our body’s energy is expended by the digestive process. If you are under stress, living in a very hot or very cold climate, pregnant, or being a frequent air traveller, enormous quantities of extra enzymes are required by your body. It takes 1,300 enzymes to make one CELL.

You could not digest or absorb food and would die without them. Enzymes are the repairing engines of life.

Because our entire system functions at all time through enzymatic action, we must supplement our enzymes.


THE BASICS OF ENZYMES

To understand how any cleaning product works, we must first understand what dirt is or rather what it is comprised of.

Dirt  actually consist of several layers of  fine films of grease, oils, fats, bacteria, germs, dust mites, non-organic material and organic micro-organisms. These films are bonded to each other and to the surface by amino and fatty acids.

Most cleaners emulsify some of these films but do not break down all the amino or fatty acids. Usually the visible layers of the films can be removed with general cleaning products giving the appearance of a clean surface. Quite often the organic micro-organisms  that are left  behind  continue  to feed on  bacteria and germs, resulting in rapid reproduction that contribute to bad odour.

Enzymes attack or digest the amino and fatty acids that bond these films together and to the surface that is being cleaned. In a nutshell, enzymes are simply chemical catalysts that accelerate the natural biodegrading or breakdown of organic substrates.
More specifically enzymes are manufactured proteins that exist in all living organisms such as plants, animals and bacteria. Their purpose is simply to digest waste. It's this natural "Dust to Dust" process that constantly occurs in our environment that keeps plant, animal and human waste from ’ over-taking’ us.

Enzymes are derived from all living organisms and are harmless to humans, animals and marine life. They perform their catalytic function upon contact and self-activation,  with no adverse effect  onto  themselves or to others. Enzymes, in other words,  are non-toxic, non-irritating, non-gaseous, non-flammable, non-pathogenic and non-hazardous.

There are hundreds of thousands of enzymes with  each having specific, individual characteristics. For example an enzyme that causes proteins to break down will not react on fats and oils. Therefore any effective enzyme cleaning system must contain enough different classes and types of enzymes to ensure proper catalytic reaction to speed up the natural "dust to dust" process.

The four basic classes of enzymes are grouped as follows:

A. Lipase - Those that break down fats and greases.
B. Protease - Those that break down proteins.
C. Cellulase - Those that break down cellulose (fibre) as wood, cotton & paper.
D. Amylase - Those that break down carbohydrates and starches.

Available to the market place today are two basic types of enzyme cleaning products. The first group is Bacteria Producing Enzymes. This type of product contains actual strains of bacteria that produce the needed digestive enzymes when added to organic material.

The other product group is Preformed Enzymes, which contain only the protein manufactured enzymes and emulsifiers.

Enzymes actually out-perform Germicidal Cleaners because they digest the host material where the germs and odour- causing bacteria live and reproduce. Germicides will kill germs and odour-causing bacteria but because they do not eliminate the host organic material, new bacteria can and will begin to reproduce very soon after the germicide has been applied.

Although enzymes are very effective in cleaning and eliminating odours they are not designed to perform well in a restorative cleaning situation where heavy grease, dirt, lime or calcium build-up is present. They are designed  to be very effective in maintaining certain levels of cleanliness and should be incorporated into a maintenance cleaning cycle where odour and appearance is a concern.

For a restorative cleaning situation where heavy grease, dirt, lime or calcium build up is present, bacteria producing enzymes is preferred because the bacteria can actually digest the organic waste.

 

The 5 Main Micro-organisms & Its Functions

1. Pediococcus  acidilactici    

 

Produces Lactic acid, Pediocins to inhibit growth of gram negative bacteria as Vibrio cholerae, Salmonella sp., Pseudomonas sp., E.coli,  Clamphylobacter etc.
and inhibit growth of gram positive bacteria as  Clostridium botulinum, Clostridium perfiengens, Staphylococcus aureus, Listeria monocytogens

2. Pediococcus pentosaceus

 

Produces Lactic acid, Pediocins to inhibit growth of gram negative bacteria as  Vibrio cholerae, Salmonella sp., Pseudomonas sp., E.coli, Clamphylobacter etc.
and inhibit growth of gram positive bacteria as Clostridium botulinum, Clostridium perfiengens, Staphylococcus aureus,  Listeria monocytogens

3. Bacillus amyloliquefaciens

 

Produces enzymes as Amylase, Lipase, Protease, Peptidase, Sucrase
Produces Iturins (Antifungal Agent ) to inhibit growth of fungi as Fusarium, Collectotricum, Rhizoctonia, Aspergillus, Phytopthera etc.

4. Pichia farinosa

 

Yeast is rarely found naturally.
Produces Toxins Killer to inhibit the growth of yeasts and neutralizes toxins as aflatoxins, mycotoxins, endotoxins etc.

5. Dekkera anomala

 

Spoilage Beer Yeast – Ferments carbohydrate, starch and sugar into Acetic acid without alcohol
Produces enzymes – Cellulase, Amylase, Hemicellulase, Xylanase, Cellubioase, Pectinase, Lignase and Arabinase etc

 


 

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